Jul 7, 2010

Unknown and cunning things behind Telangana and Andhra Merge part2

Why Telangana

Unknown and cunning things behind Telangana and Andhra Merge part2

Unknown and cunning things behind Telangana and Andhra Merge part1

Unknown and cunning things behind Telangana and Andhra Merge part1

Why Telangana

Jun 28, 2010

Telangana tops all issues in the state.

Telangana tops all issues in the state.
There are a host of problems confronting the people of the composite State of Andhra Pradesh but efforts by Opposition parties to sustain campaigns against corruption in Jalayagnam and other programmes, fee reimbursement, liquor auctions and now fuel price hike all pale against “the issue” that of Statehood for Telangana.

Leaders of all these parties admit in private that it is very difficult to keep the public focused on anything else. A few months ago, as part of a nationwide programme, the TDP and Left parties had organised a protest against price rise at Indira Park but it was disturbed by Telangana activists demanding that TDP chief N Chandrababu Naidu spell out then and there his stance on the formation of Telangana. Since then, the yellow party has not dared take up any other programme.

Earlier, the CPI and CPM had launched a joint campaign but their programmes too fell flat. Nor could they mobilise an adequate number from the State for the “Chalo Parliament” programme in New Delhi in March.

The situation has been no different in respect of the BJP. A few months ago, they undertook to collect nearly 20 lakh signatures in protest against price hike. Party leaders admit that the programme totally failed in the State. And in the last week of April, the BJP national committee organised a “Chalo Parliament”. The State committee had announced that it would mobilise nearly 5000 people from each district. This too proved a big flop.

Interestingly, State leaders who took part in the Delhi programme, also demanded that the Congress-led UPA Government introduce a bill in Parliament for the formation of Telangana State.

And the demonstrations of the PRP have smacked more of tokenism than anything else.
source :- Facebook Telangana user

This Time for Pakka Pakka Telangana – Syed AbdulMuqtadir

This Time for Pakka Pakka Telangana – Syed AbdulMuqtadir
Pakka pakka hai ab Telangana ka aana

Pakka pakka hai hamare self rule ka aana

Pakka pakka hai ab SA ko rokna

Pakka pakka hai ab Andhra ku rulaana

We are on the frontline every Indian is watching us

We are getting closer; it is not over for us

We need to do something more

We should get rid of these whores

Pakka pakka hai ab Telangana ka aana

Pakka pakka hai hamare self rule ka aana

Every Telanganite is a soldier

Fighting for his land mother

Picking up the self respect

Going to the battle field

This black dark night will soon end

We worked hard and got closer

One more push and the destiny there

Pakka pakka hai ab Telangana ka aana

Pakka pakka hai hamare self rule ka aana

Mother land’s hopes are up

6 decades slavery summed up

Calling her children to rise up

Mother has much more expectations

We should shed hesitations

Hindu Muslim Sikh Esayi

Kamma Kaapu Reddy Komti

Syed Sheikh Queshi

SC ST Tenugu Golla Kurma Dhobi

We are untied for a big LADAAI

This movement is for mother T

Lets not indulge in rajneeti

Come on together we free her up

Pakka pakka hai ab Telangana ka aana

Pakka pakka hai hamare self rule ka aana
Source :- Visit our Blog @ http://pullagurla.blogspot.com/

Jun 21, 2010

Electricity in Telangana - తెలంగాణలో కరెంటు సమస్యలు

Now electricity is compulsary in our day to day life.

Power is generating @ Telangana Districts, Power Plants at telangana districts.

At andhra side power cut is very limited. But in Telangana power cut is huge. We generate power but all the power is captured by the andhra people only. I ask why.

Telangana people is fully sufferring with power cuts which were not declared.

తెలంగాణ లో కరెంటు సమస్య చాలా తీవ్రంగా ఉంది. ముందుగా ప్రకటించిన దానికంటే తెలంగాణాలో అప్రకటిత కరెంటు కోత చాలా ఎక్కువ. తెలంగాణ గ్రామమాలలో కేవలము 6 గంటలు మాత్రమే కరెంటు ఉంటుందంటే మీరు నమ్మగలరా! కాని ఇది నిజం.

అస్సలు కరెంటును ఉత్పత్తి చేసే కారాగారాలు తెలంగాణాలో (2) ఉన్నప్పటికినీ, విద్యుత్తు ఉత్పత్తి ఎక్కువగా యున్ననూ ఆ యొక్క మొత్తము కరెంటు ను ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతాలకు తరలించి అసలు తెలంగాణాలో కరెంటు లేకుండా చేస్తున్నారు.

అదే ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతాలలో అయితే కేవలము ప్రకటించినంత వరకే కరెంటు కోత విధించి మిగిలిన అన్ని సమయలలో వారికి కరెంటును ఇస్తున్నారు. ఈ కరెంటు ఎక్కడినుండి వస్తున్నది. తెలంగాణ ప్రాంత ప్రజలకు వారి మానాన వారిని వదిలేసి కరెంటు మొత్తమును ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతానికి ఇస్తున్నారు.

ఇది అన్యాయం కాక మరేమిటి! చెప్పండి.

Municipal Wanter in Telangana District

In Telangana District Municipal Water is coming in very bad position. Water like drinage Water (in yellow colour). Water is also coming weekly once and that water is also in really very dangerous to the health of Telangana People.

Whereas in Andhra water will come daily and neat water. why the difference.

Water is a best example this is a minimum facility to a citizen.

Why the Govt. is not seeing this. Water is coming from state but in fully bad condition.

Think about it

తెలంగాణలోని జిల్లాలలో సరఫరా చేసున్న మంచినీళ్ళను మీరు ఎప్పుడైనా చూసిండ్రా. ఈ వేసవిలో నీళ్ళు ఏడు రోజులకు ఒకసారి ఇస్తుండ్రు. ఆ నీళ్లు కూడా పసుపు రంగులో మురుగు నీరుగా ఉంటుంది. పూర్తిగా పసుపు రంగులో వచ్చే ఆ నీళ్లను తాగితే ప్రజల పరిస్థితి ఏమిటి.

అదే ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంత ప్రజలకు నీళ్ళు మంచివి వస్తున్నవి. ఎలా వస్తున్నయి. చెప్పండి. రాష్ట్ర ప్రభుత్వం ఇచ్చిన నీళ్ళు అలా ఉండడానికి కారణం ఏమిటి?

ఒక సారి ఆలోచించండి

Jun 14, 2010

Telangana Politics

Political parties provide the dynamics of political mechanism. Sigmund Neumann has described the general role of political parties as "the life line of modern politics". It is no doubt that "political parties are not of the government, they are below or behind it". The voice of the state today is not so much the voice of the people as that of the dominant institutions, economic progress and social morality are all dependant on the political parties in a state so the word "politics" has come to mean "part politics".

Andhra Pradesh was described as the citadel of the Congress. After its formation as a separate state, the Congress party had an unbroken record of ruling it. In the early years after the formation of A.P. state, the Communist party had posed a challenge to congress. Today it hardly possesses the necessary strength in the legislature to form even a strong opposition. Still its importance in politics cannot be ignored. Political parties like Praja Socialist Party and Swatanthra Party, which made a mark in national politics, created some sensation in Andhra Pradesh. Also the emergence of Janatha Party in 1977 had its impact on all political parties in the state and several prominent leaders in the Congress and other parties joined it.

The political parties which deserve a mention are The Congress(I), The Communist Parties, Swatanthra, The Jana Sangh, Bharathiya Janatha Party, Telugu Desam Party, NCP, Socialist Parties like KMPP, PSP and SP and state level parties like PP,KLP,TPS and Majlis. The ruling of state by the Congress came to an end with the emergence of TDP in the year 1983.

Another significant feature of A.P politics is the absence of a regional issue strong enough to enable a powerful regional party to come into existence. In A.P when a sub-regional issue, namely, safe guards for Telangana came to the forefront, The Telangana Praja Samithi(TPS) came into existence. It is a typical example of a regional party, which can thrive whipping up popular emotions on regional and sub-regional issues. Its activities were confined to Telangana only. The TPS had no ephemeral existence. It secured a sweeping success in the Loksabha elections in 1971. However, shortly afterwards the TPS was merged in the Congress Party. Later in the recent past Telangana Rastra Samithi came into existence with regards to the safeguard of Telangana people with a separate Telangana statehood.

Elections in a democracy have great significance for they act, not merely as indicators of public opinion but also contribute to its evolution as a political system. Elections conducted under adult suffrage are "an act of faith in the common man of India and in his practical commonsense". Elections have a threefold importance. They influence the policies of government, the organization of parties and opinion of the citizens. Since formation of Andhra Pradesh in 1956, there have been 11 general elections to the state Assembly and 13 general elections to the Lok Sabha.

In 1955, elections were held to the Legislative Assembly of the newly formed state of Andhra. The united Congress Party swept the polls. The Communist Party was routed and Congress emerged as a dominant Party.

In 1957, the second general elections were held for the Legislative Assembly and were restricted to Telangana region. For election to the Legislative Assembly in the Andhra region had been held in 1955. The Congress swept the polls.

Third general elections held in the year 1962 were the first general elections held in the whole of Andhra Pradesh for electing 300 representatives to the state Legislative Assembly. Congress swept the polls by getting 177 seats out of 300 contested.

Fourth general elections held in the year 1967 for the state Legislative Assembly. Result was, Congress swept the polls by getting 165 seats.

Fifth general elections were held in the year 1972 because of the mid term polls for Loksabha. Significance of 1972 elections was 137 conetstants from Congress were from SC, ST and Minorities communities. Result was, Congress swept the polls by winning 219 seats of 287 contested.

Sixth general elections to the Legislative Assembly were held in the year 1977. Congress swept the polls irrespective of the split in Congress party.

Seventh general elections to the state Legislative Assembly were held in the year 1983 and it marked the end of Congress era. The Telugu Desam Party emerged as winner with 198 seats out of 287 contested. Congress just won 60 out of 293 seats contested.

Eight general elections to the state legislative Assembly were held in the year 1985.TDP had an alliance with like-minded parties like BJP, CPI, CPM, and Majlis. The TDP swept the polls.

Ninth general elections to the Legislative Assembly of A.P. were held in the year 1989. Congress threw out the TDP, with Congress winning 182 seats while TDP won 74 seats.

Tenth general election to the Legislative Assembly of A.P. were held in the year 1994.TDP threw out Congress out of power, with TDP winning 2/3 majority along with Communist Parties.

Eleventh general elections to the Legislative Assembly of A.P. were held in the year 1999. TDP retained the power in spite of the internal crisis in TDP Party. But congress slightly improved its tally and reached three-figure mark. This eleventh assembly was dissolved in Dec' 2003 and Elections are declared in second week of April '2004.

Source: Telangana.com

Irrigation comparision

Andhra Pradesh is situated in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula. Telangana is situated at a high altitude in an up-land area. The river Godavari is flowing on the North and the river Krishna is flowing on the South in Telangana region. Apart from the major rivers, there are other small rivers such as Bhima, Dindi, Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Manair, Penganga, Praanahita, and Peddavagu and Taliperu.

In erstwhile Hyderabad State, medium projects, like Pocharam, Dindi, Palair, Vyra, Manair, Khanapur were constructed apart from Nizamsagar Project, which was completed in 1924-31. It was envisioned to utilize 58 TMC water to irrigate 2,75,000 acres of land in Nizamabad District.

The total permitted utilization of water under Godavari and Krishna for Telangana region in erstwhile Hyderabad State was under 951 MOU.

Source: Telangana.com

Problems of Telangana

1. There are 10 districts in Telangana, 9 in Andhra and 4 in Rayalaseema. Out of these 7 districts in Telangana, 3 in Andhra and 1 in Rayalaseema are considered severely backward districts which means 70% of districts in Telangana are backward while in Andhra it is 35% and in Rayalaseema it is 25%. Apart from these there are some areas in all parts of the state which are also backward.

2. 45% of the state income comes from Telangana region. When it comes to utilization of funds, the share of Telangana is only 28%.

3. Normally canals are dug to supply water to the crops from rivers for cultivation. The amount of land cultivated through canals in just Guntur district is more than the land cultivated with canals in entire Telangana region.

4. Nagarjuna sagar dam is built in Nalgonda district which is in Telangana but majority of the water from the dam is used for Krishna and Guntur district. The original dam was supposed to be build much ahead of its present location but the location was changed so that it falls in the Telangana region. Due to the construction of the dam several hectares of Lime stone mines vanished as part of the dam back waters. Everyone know that lime stone is used for producing cement. Even the natural resources were not allowed to remain.

5. Fluorinated water problem is only in Nalgonda district which has not been resolved since decades.

6. Two major rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra enter the state of AP in the district of Mahaboobnagar(the biggest district in Telangana) but the district always remains the worst draught hit areas along with Anantapur because there is no project and process with which the water can be utilized. The plans for utilization has been pending for decades.

7. RDS (Rajolibanda Diversion Scheme) is build in Mahaboobnagar to provide water to 85000 hectares of land in the district. The leaders of Rayalaseems blasted the gates of RDS and water is supplied to KC (Kurnool-Cudapah) canal while only remaining water, if any, is supplied to the lands in Mahaboobnagar.

8. 3 TMC of water from Gandipet is sufficient to supply drinking water to our city. Every year 1700 TMC of water is wasted and is flown into Bay of Bengal from river Godavari. Starting from Nizambad to Bay of Bengal there is no project allowed to build on Godavari. If it is built leaders in Godavari districts fear that the fertile lands in the area may fall short of water. If the Godavari water is utilized properly, there will be no scarcity for food grains in our state.

9. In Telangana regions, only few areas cultivate one crop a year and very rarely two crops a year while most of the land doesn't even cultivate single crop. In both the Godavari districts, Krishna and Guntur district, two crops a year is common and there are times where even 3 crops a year are cultivated. The only reason is WATER.

10. Government issue G.O.'s for implicating its decisions. G.O number 610 is the longest non implicated G.O in the history of AP. The G.O was issued in 1986 by late NTR who was then the CM of AP, which is not yet implicated. The G.O speaks about the share of Telangana employees in Government jobs in Telangana region.

11. 33% of the population in Mahaboobnagar district have left the district for livelihood to different parts of the state due to draught and majority of them are working as daily labour. No other district has so many people who fled the home place due to lack of livelihood and working as daily labour.

12. There are 25 plus government degree colleges in Krishna, Kadapa and Guntur district while there is not even a single government degree college in Ranga Reddy district.

13. Dairy development corporation of AP purchases milk from farmers across the state for distribution. For the same milk, in Andhra, the government pay Rs. 24 to the farmers and in Telangana they pay Rs. 22 per litre. Partiality is shown even in milk

14. In between 2005-2008 government sold lands worth Rs. 20000 crores in and around Hyderabad which was utilized to build projects in Rayalaseema and Andhra.

15. Not even a single project was completed in Telangana in the last 5 years while several projects were completed in Andhra and Rayalaseema.

Source: telangana.com

Jun 10, 2010

Song on Mahabooba’bad’ firing by Vinod Kumar Mandhala

కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మా….. నువ్వు అమ్మ కాదు రాతి బొమ్మమ్మ
కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మా….. నువ్వు అమ్మ కాదు రాతి బొమ్మమ్మ
నువ్వు గుండెలు తీసిన బంటమ్మ..
నీది గుండె కాదు మందు గుండమ్మ 2

నీకు మనసే లేదు చిన్నమా….నికు మురళి బావ అండదండమ్మ 2
ని బావగాడు పెద్దా గుండా అమ్మ…మా గుండెలో దిమ్పిండు గుండు అమ్మ….2

ఓ… ఓ…. సురేఖమ్మ……నీ నాటకం యమ కేకమ్మ….2
ఈ గుండు ఎట్లా తొలిగేది చెప్పమ్మా….మా బాదేట్లా తీరేది చెప్పమ్మా….2

జగన్ గాడు గజ దొంగమ్మ…..చెయ్యి ఎత్తి జే కొట్టకే జేజమ్మ…2
నీ పుట్టింట్లో పుట్టింది రుద్రమ్మ…ఆ తల్లి నీడ నీలో లేదమ్మా…2

కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మా….. నువ్వు అమ్మ కాదు రాతి బొమ్మమ్మ
కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మ కొండమ్మా….. నువ్వు అమ్మ కాదు రాతి బొమ్మమ్మ
నువ్వు గుండెలు తీసిన బంటమ్మ..
నీది గుండె కాదు మందు గుండమ్మ …..

Source : http://www.simplytelangana.com/2010/05/31/song-on-mahaboobabad-firing-by-vinod-kumar-mandhala/

An Appeal to the Nizamabad Voter – By Syed AbdulMuqtadir

శ్రీనివాస్ కి హై చోటిసి ఆశ – గద్ది కే లియె హై దిల్ లల్చాత

ఎలక్షన్ కే హై బహానే ఢూండ్త – జీత్నేకా యే డంకా హై పీట్త

జనతా కా గుస్స వో నహి హై జాన్ త – అప్ని ఔఖాత్ ఖుద్ నహి పహెచాన్ త

హర్ దం ఆంధ్రా కి గులామి కర్త – తెలంగాణ కు హర్ దం బేచ్త

రోటి ఫిర్ భి ఉసీకి హై ఖాత – ఐసా హై దెఖొ హమార నేత

ఆఠ్ సాల్ సే ప్రెసిడెంట్ హై యే – నాం కె వాస్తె భి గాన్వ్ నహి ఆత

కుర్సీ కే వాస్తె పైరాన్ పడ్త – జితావొ మేరేకు జితావొ బోల్త

మంత్రి బనూంగ ఉస్క హై భరోస – CM బన్నేకే సప్నే హై దేఖ్త

శ్రీనివాస్ కి హై చోటిసి ఆశ – గద్ది కే లియె హై దిల్ లల్చాత

గాన్వ్ మేన్ గయే తొ ఇజ్జత్ నై హై – పార్టి మేన్ భి ఔఖాత్ నై హై

జబ్ బి దేఖె తో జీత్ తూన్ బోల్త – బాత్ కరే తో మై హూన్ బోల్త

తెలంగాణ మైచ్ లాతూన్ బోల్త – రోజాన ఉస్కుచ్ బేచ్కో ఆత

శ్రీనన్నా కా హై బడ హి ఫసాన – బాత్ బాత్ పే యే కస్మాన్ ఖాతా

అమ్మ తోడు నేను తెలంగాణ తెస్త – బాపు తోడు తెలంగాణా తెస్త

ఇచ్చేది మేమే తెచ్చేదీ మేమే కి రట్ హై లగాత – గల్లె మిల్కే ఖంజర్ ఘుసాత

ఐసా హై మేరే దేశ్ కా నేత – గద్ది కే లియే హై సబ్ కుచ్చ్ కర్త

శ్రీనివాస్ కి హై చోటిసి ఆశ – గద్ది కే లియె హై దిల్ లల్చాత

ఐసా హై మేరే దేశ్ కా నేత – గద్ది కే లియే హై సబ్ కుచ్చ్ కర్త

భాయి మేరె భాయి వోటర్ మేరె భాయి – ఇస్కో హై ఇస్కి ఔఖాత్ దిఖాన

ఏక్ బి వోట్ ఇస్కు నై దేన – ఇస్కి జమానత్ జబ్త్ కరాన

హక్ కా ఇస్తెమాల్ ఠీక్ సే కర్న – ఘద్దారోన్ కు ఘర్ పే బిఠాన

బందే కొ పహెచాన్ కె దేన – సచ్చే కో హి వోట్ హై దేన

మేరా తొ బస్ ఇత్నా హై కహెన – తెలంగాణ కు హర్ హాల్ మే జితాన

నిజాంబాద్ మే జబ్ వోట్ తుం దేన – కాంగ్రేస్ కు బహర్హాల్ హరాన

జీత్ గయె అగర్ కాంగ్రేస్ వాలె – తాక్ మేన్ బైఠీన్ ఆంధ్రా వాలె

దోనో మిల్కొ ఖాజాతిన్ హమారె నివాలె

వోట్ దేనె కు జబ్ తుం జాన – భాయి మేరె భాయి సోచ్కె జానా

అప్నోన్ కొ భి సంఝాకె లెజాన – తెలంగాణ కూచ్ వోట్ తుమె దేన

కాంగ్రేస్ కు హరానా తెలంగాణా కు జీత్ కె లాన

యేచ్ హై బస్ అబ్ అప్నా నారా – తెలంగాణా కు జీత్ కె లాన

తెలంగాణా కు జీత్ కె లాన – తెలంగాణా కు జీత్ కె లాన

Source : http://www.simplytelangana.com/2010/06/09/an-apeal-to-the-nizamabad-voter-by-syed-abdulmuqtadir/

Demand for Telangana State: genuine and justified

Demand for Telangana State: genuine and justified

The statehood demand of Telangana has exploded to an unimaginable level in 2009 after 40 years of a sad episode of 1969 agitation in the history of Andhra Pradesh. The movement started with an indefinite fast of former Union Minister and Member of Parliament Mr. K. Chandrasekhar Rao and supported by students, quickly spread to urban intellect, towns and villages to give birth to numerous joint action committees independent of political parties to lead their own movement resulting in the democratic protests such as dhoom-dhams (songs and dances), garjanas (hullabaloos), and padayatras (marches) [58].

Further, the involvement of all communities in the villages and towns across Telangana region surprised everyone. The continuous agitations, frequent strikes, raasta-rokos, and the bandh calls in the late 2009 and early 2010 crippled almost all the cities and towns of Andhra Pradesh. The affect on the state economy and common man cannot be ignored, and the lives lost due to suicides for Telangana has even made the central government to appeal the elderly of the society to counsel the younger generations not to resort to extreme steps [59].

How and why it happened.

To understand the present crisis, one should take a quick look at the formation of the Andhra Pradesh and its politics. The Telangana region of the erstwhile Princely State of Nizam called as Hyderabad state is demanding a separate state. In detail, the Hyderabad state comprise the present Telugu speaking Telangana region, and a few districts of present day Maharashtra and Karnataka, and the Andhra region (including Rayalaseema region) with a sizable Telugu speaking population were a part of erstwhile Madras Province in the British India. The Andhra’s in Madras state fought and demanded a separate state before and after Independence due to the discrimination of their language and culture, and the exploitation of educational and employment opportunities in the hands of majority Tamils and achieved it in 1953 [23].

During the states reorganization, the Fazal Ali commission in 1955 recommended that Telangana region to be made a separate state and with a provision for unification with Andhra state only after the general election to be held in 1961 with a two-thirds of majority in favor of unification in the Hyderabad state legislature [23]. However, in 1956, the Telangana region was merged with Andhra state to form Andhra Pradesh, with a specific assurance (Gentleman’s Agreement) and declarations by the then Prime Minister Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru. These assurances were hardly respected by the majority Andhra since inception, which led to serious discontent among the people of Telangana leading to agitate and demand a separate state in 1969. After being brutally crushed by the state government, the bruised people of Telangana understood that the political will is the need of the hour, but were exploited by a fellow Telangana politician and former chief minister Dr. M. Chenna Reddy for his personnel gains [60].

The successive state and central governments contained the agitation by further assurances and promises in form of agreements, formulas, amendment and introduction of articles in the Constitution. However, the exploitation in Telangana region by Andhra elite was a never-ending story. In 2000, three new states (Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal and Jharkhand) were created from the existing states but the Telangana was not granted statehood because the ruling Telugu Desam Party in coalition with National Democratic Alliance opposed such a move [55]. The movement got much-needed boost in 2001, when Mr. K. Chandrashekar Rao quit Telugu Desam Party and founded “Telangana Rashtra Samithi” party with a single agenda to achieve a separate state for Telangana region [56]. At the same time, the state Telangana congress unit formed a Telangana Congress Legislators Forum to pledge their support for statehood [57]. In the subsequent elections (2004 and 2009) the Congress and the Telugu Desam parties in coalition with TRS, and others promised statehood to the people of Telangana in their manifestos and election speeches.

The unexpected death of the Chief Minister Dr. Y. S. Rajashekhar Reddy in September 2009 and the subsequent political vacuum and power struggles in the state congress unit gave a chance to Mr. K. Chandrasekhar Rao to revive his party aspirations and undertook an indefinite fast to force the central government for the introduction of a bill on Telangana statehood in the Parliament. The subsequent state government action against him, his deteriorating health condition, student protests, and massive people’s movement forced the central government to announce the initiation of process of forming a separate Telangana state on December 9, 2009 with the approval of all the state political parties in an all party meeting held on December 8, 2009 [61][62][63]. The spontaneous political resignations against the formation of Telangana, and the U-turn of main opposition (Telugu Desam) and other parties cheated the people of Telangana and forced the Central Government to constitute a Committee for Consultation on the Situation in Andhra Pradesh on February 3, 2010 headed by Justice B. N. Srikrishna to examine the feasibility of a Telangana state [64].

Why Telangana should be separated.

Let’s look at the opening statement of Home Minister Mr. P. Chidambaram’s during the consultations with eight recognized parties of Andhra Pradesh on Telangana issue dated January 5, 2010 [1]. Some of his statements are very essential for solving the Telangana issue in a genuine way compared to the main terms of reference “to evaluate the developments in the State to date and their impact on the progress and development in different regions of the State” given to Srikrishna committee [2]. Mr. P. Chidambaram said,

“You are all aware of the long history behind the demand for a separate State of Telangana. It is sufficient to refer to the report of the States Reorganisation Commission; the Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1956 and the amendment of Article 371(1) of the Constitution; the Six Point Formula of 1973; and the introduction of Article 371D in the Constitution. More recently, in the elections to the State Assembly of Andhra Pradesh held in May 2009, the political parties outlined their positions in their respective election manifestos. All this is in the public domain [1].”

In addition If one goes through the Reports of the Telangana Regional Committees between 1956 and 1969, the All-Party Agreement of Andhra Pradesh (1969). The Reports on the Quantum of Telangana Surpluses (1969) by K. Lalit, and the Committee on Telangana surpluses (1969) under the chairmanship of Justice V. Bhargava, and the Government Order (G.O.) 36 (1969). Further, the Report of the Officers Committee (1985) under the chairmanship of K. Jaybharath Reddy, the G.O. 610 (1985), the House Committee on Implementation of G.O. 610 (2001), the Report of J. M. Girglani Commission (2004), and the G.O. 1845 (2009) etc., for the violations and the injustices meted to the people of the Telangana region since 1956.

Now the people of Telangana want a separate state, to rule on their own (self-rule or self-governance), want to preserve their beliefs, dialect and the culture for the future generations (self-respect), and not to be ruled any further by the oppressors. Telangana should be made 29th state of Indian Union with Hyderabad as its capital based on the following points:

1. Vocally Same but Culturally Different

2. Political Domination and Abuse of Power

3. Mal-distribution of State Income and Funds

4. Exploitation of Educational and Employment Opportunities

5. Exploitation of Water Resources and Schemes

6. Exploitation of Industries and Mineral Resources

7. Exploitation of Land in and around Hyderabad

8. Branding Telangana supporters and Protesters as Maoists or Naxalites

9. Hyderabad as a Capital City for Telangana Only

10. Smaller States are good for Development and Governance

1. Vocally Same but Culturally Different

The people of Andhra Pradesh speak Telugu language, but in many different dialects. The Telangana region has a different dialect compared to the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions. The people from the Andhra region believe that their dialect is superior to the other regions and discriminate the Telangana dialect in many ways. The discrimination of the Telangana Dialect and the people is very evident in the Telugu film industry (called as Tollywood) dominated by the Andhra people (who incidentally came to Hyderabad after leaving the film industry in Madras). The films produced in Tollywood mostly show villains (or bad characters) using Telangana dialect whereas actors and actresses using the Andhra dialect. Thus leading to confusion in the younger generations whether the “Telangana dialect is really inferior”.

Culturally, there are many differences between three regions, the food, festivals, music, arts and crafts of Telangana people are different from their counter parts. For example, the festivals “Bathukamma” and “Bonalu” (also celebrated in few parts of Rayalaseema) are unique to the Telangana region. The school books do not feature the history of the Telangana region, cultural aspects and beliefs (for example the most important ones, Telangana rebellion and the liberation struggle), instead the books highlight Shri Potti Sreeramulu fasting to death for the creation of Andhra Pradesh State on linguistic basis. In reality, he specifically fasted for the formation of Andhra state with Madras as capital from the erstwhile Madras State [5]. The people of the Andhra and the Rayalaseema never bothered to understand the Telangana beliefs and culture, instead they resort to the mockery of the Telangana arts, music and festivals.

2. Political Domination and Abuse of Power

The political domination is clearly visible if one looks at the duration of the Chief Ministers served after the formation of Andhra Pradesh state. The Chief Ministers from the Telangana have just served 6 years and 3 months compared to the 46 years and 6 months by the Chief Ministers from Andhra and Rayalaseema regions (as of February 2010), barring the 9 months of the President’s rule in 1973 [3]. The disrespect of Gentlemen’s agreement, partial behaviour and the domination of the Andhra and Rayalaseema politicians on the people of Telangana led to the unrest and subsequent Telangana State movement in 1969. The death of hundreds of people including ca. 370 students in 1969 was the brutal act of abuse of power by the state government headed by the former Chief Minister Mr. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy [4]. It should be noted that the imposition of the President’s rule in 1973 was due to the non-cooperation of Andhra / Rayalaseema politicians, which led to the downfall of the first Telangana Chief Minister Mr. P. V. Narasimha Rao after 468 days [6].

The abuse of power is an important issue, and is the cause of the present situation in the state. The first abuse of power was noticed soon after the formation of the Andhra Pradesh state. According to the Gentleman’s Agreement “if the Chief Minister is from the Andhra / Rayalaseema region, then the Deputy Chief Minister-ship should be given to the Telangana Region” [7], but the then Chief Minister Mr. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy didn’t approved a deputy Chief Minister for the Telangana region. The power in the hands of Andhra and Rayalaseema politicians has allowed them to bypass most of the rules and agreements, and the people from Andhra region took possession of agriculture lands in and around the state capital and occupied most of the higher positions in all the state government jobs and their subsidiaries!. Even the judicial department is not immune to their power abuse, for instance the number of Advocates Generals appointed since the formation Andhra Pradesh are eight. Four from the Andhra Region and four from the Rayalaseema region and none were appointed from the Telangana region as of February 2010.

3. Mal-distribution of State Income and Funds

According to the Gentlemen’s Agreement, the state income should be distributed proportionately between the two regions and the balance of income from Telangana should be reserved for the development of the Telangana region [7]. The mal-distribution of state income was one of the main causes for the separate Telangana movement in 1969 and thereafter. The 1969 Telangana unrest forced the central government to appoint the Justice V. Bhargava Committee of Telangana Surpluses of 1969, this committee report showed the unspent surpluses totaling of Rs. 28.34 crore were recorded from 1956 to 1968, which were ought to be spent on the development of the Telangana region [8].

After this fiasco, the region wise evaluations were abolished and the information is scarce on the public domain, but in few instances, there were queries in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly for the region wise income and expenditure. The present Finance Minister and the Chief Minister Mr. K. Roshiah answered these questions, and were reported in the local newspapers. In the last 5 years the large chunk of the state income (including Hyderabad) was generated in the Telangana, was 76% (Telangana: Rs. 57,752 cr, Andhra and Rayalaseema: Rs. 17,270 cr) but the expenditure on the Telangana was only 51% (Telangana: Rs. 27,059 cr, Andhra and Rayalaseema: Rs. 25,794 cr). Similarly, for the year 2006-07, the income generated from the Telangana region (excluding the Hyderabad and the central government income) was 57% (Telangana: Rs. 6093 cr, Andhra and Rayalaseema: Rs. 4677 cr) and the expenditure on the Telangana was only 48% (Telangana: Rs. 5987 cr, Andhra and Rayalaseema: Rs. 6370 cr) [9]. The revenue from Telangana region (including Hyderabad) was more than half of the Andhra Pradesh total income from 2003-04 to 2006-07, mostly comes from the coal and the forest resources [52].

It is clear from the above financial data that the Telangana region has the surpluses in the last five years but surprisingly 9 out 13 districts of the Andhra Pradesh listed for the Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF) scheme started in 2006 by the Government of India are from Telangana region [10]. Hyderabad (or state capital) is the only Telangana district that is not in the BRGF scheme. The Telangana region has faced a gross injustice in the funds allocation from the state and the central governments. There are numerous examples of funds mal-distribution, the latest and a glaring example is the G.O. 1845 issued with regard to NABARD under rural infrastructure development fund on December 11, 2009 for the construction of roads and bridges across the state. The Telangana region received a meager amount of Rs. 9.32 cr compared to Rs. 121.13 cr for the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions [11].

4. Exploitation of Educational and Employment Opportunities

The best way to develop a society or region of rural India is by imparting the educational and the employment resources of the state. In case of the Telangana there has been a gross violation compared to the other two regions. The main sources of education such as public aided schools, junior colleges and degree colleges are unbelievably mismatching with the population, thus hindering the development in the Telangana region. According to 2001 census, the Telangana has 40.5% of state population, in the same year the enrolled students in Telangana region were 33%, for them the state government allocated 31% of schools, 31% of teachers whereas for the rest 59.5% population and 67% enrolled students, there were 69% schools and 69% teachers of the total number in Andhra Pradesh [12]. Similar situation can be observed in the further education, there are only 36% of junior colleges, 24% of degree colleges, 43% ITI’s, 39% polytechnics, 36% engineering colleges, and 27% of medical colleges in Telangana region of the total number of aided institutions in the state of Andhra Pradesh [13][14][15].

If the allotment of educational opportunities to the people in the Telangana region to be considered as a naive mistake, then the funds distributed or the amounts spend on the education by the state government is worse. For example between 1956 and 1997, the total expenditure of the degree college (aided) education for the state is Rs. 1150.2 cr the Telangana region received a paltry amount of Rs. 120 cr (10.4%) and the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions got Rs. 1030.2 cr (89.6%) [16]. In recent times (2006), the Telangana University and the Vemana University were established in Nizamabad and Kadapa districts of the Andhra Pradesh, the former was allotted only Rs. 27 cr with 40 teaching staff, and the later received Rs 300 cr with 250 teaching staff [17]. With such a step motherly treatment, no wonder the Telangana region will have the lowest literacy rate and the present literacy rate (2009) is around 57% (including Hyderabad) compared to 62% and 60% in the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions respectively [18].

The exploitation in employment is another major concern among the people of the Telangana region. The Andhra region under the British colonial rule have had good awareness in the education field, while the Telangana region under the Nizam did not had the same opportunity. After the merger, the Gentlemen’s agreement of 1956 clearly stated the Mulki Rules (which guarantees the rightful employment for the locals in the Telangana region) to be followed, but were bluntly violated. After 1969 unrest G.O. 36 was issued in order to repatriate the 25,000 non-local employees illegally appointed in the Telangana region between 1956 and 1969, the non-locals challenged the G.O. in the Supreme Court [19]. The Supreme Court upheld the Mulki Rules and the implementation of G.O. 36 thus leading to 1972 “Jai Andhra” movement, which eventually abolished Mulki Rules and gave birth to the Six Point Formula in 1973 [20].

The history repeated again, when the former Chief Minister Mr. N. T. Rama Rao appointed the Officers’ Committee under the chairmanship of K Jayabharath Reddy in 1985, to find out the number of employees appointed in violation to the Six Point Formula between 1973 and 1985. Again, a new G.O. 610 was issued to repatriate more than 50,000 non-local employees [19], nothing happened. Sensing a serious discontent among the people of the Telangana in 2001, former Chief Minister Mr. C. B. Naidu appointed a one-man commission headed by J. M. Girglani. Submitting the report in 2004, he indicated a gross violation of non-local appointments in almost all the departments in the Telangana region with recommendations [21]. According to an unofficial estimate by the Joint Action Committee of Unions of Telangana Employees, Teachers and workers, the number of non-locals employed in Telangana region exceeded 2,00,000 in 2004. Out of 15,00,000 jobs in state government the people of Telangana occupy only 3,00,000 (i.e., 20%) [22], it will become 33% if the 2,00,000 jobs of non-locals are repatriated, and is more or less the rightful share of Telangana people. Further, there is not even one district collector from Telangana region in the entire state, and only seven department heads out of 433 department heads spreading across the state are from Telangana region [22].

5. Exploitation of Water Resources and Schemes

The exploitation of water resources was also a serious concern expressed by the people of Telangana during the merger with Andhra state in 1956 and even today. Main concerns were the irrigation projects (Major projects e.g., Nagarjuna Sagar and Sriram Sagar and medium irrigation) and the schemes (minor irrigation) taken up by the Hyderabad state to provide extensive irrigation facilities for the people of Telangana in the valleys of the Godavari and the Krishna rivers [23]. The rightful share of these waters considering the fact that large portion of the catchment area (79% for Godavari and 68.5% for Krishna Rivers) lie in the Telangana region [12]. Before the merger, the existing, under construction and the committed projects and schemes would have provided 790 TMC (Thousand Million Cubic ft) of water to the Telangana region (excluding the future projects worth 504 TMC). After the merger, due the Godavari and Krishna water disputes with other states and the re-distribution among the three regions in Andhra Pradesh, the Telangana region got only 627 TMC (including the minor and medium irrigation projects), while the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions received 853 TMC of water [24]. Further, 800 TMC of Godavari water and 89 TMC of Krishna water surpluses were allotted to all the regions as future projects and expansions.

All though Telangana lost a considerable amount of its water share due to merger, the utilization of the entitled water tell a different story. The projects benefiting the Telangana region has been lagging since their inception and inadequate funds added to more delays. There is shortfall of 133 TMC of water as of year 1997 due to the inadequate funds in completion of projects and the diversion of allotted amounts to the other projects [24]. One example worth mentioning is the Nagarjuna Sagar project, was signed as a joint project between the Hyderabad state and Andhra state in 1954 for equal sharing of 264 TMC of water as left and right canals. After the merger the 132 TMC was reduced to 106.2 TMC and this amount was eventually reduced to 89 TMC during the design and execution stage by the manipulation of levels and alignment of the Telangana left canal [24]. The Tank irrigation developed by Kakatiya Kings in 13th Century is unique to the Telangana region and has a potential to provide irrigation facilities to 3,56,123 hectares at the beginning of the century [24].

These minor irrigation storages were encouraged by erstwhile Nizam government and were providing irrigation facilities to 4,47,286 hectares as of 1956, but this potential was deliberately neglected by the state government which led to the decline of 72% to 1,26,000 hectares as of 2004 [12][27]. This shortfall and other factors had severe effects (e.g., suicides, abandoning farming etc) on the poor and medium farming community in the Telangana region that started exploiting the ground water (wells / bore-wells) using pump-sets. The well / bore-wells irrigation has seen an increasing trend in the whole state between 1956 and 2004 from 2,84,000 hectares to 19,00,000 hectares (i.e., 669% increase), while the increase in the Telangana region during the same period was 968% (from 1,16,000 hectares to 11,24,000 hectares) [27]. The other factors such as erratic and low voltage power, higher seed prices, pesticides, crop failures and high interest rate borrowing added to their peril.

To sum up as of year 1997, it was estimated that the canal irrigation system for the cultivable land of 64,02,358 hectares (58%) in Telangana region receiving only 2,66,964 hectares (4.2%) and 46,33,304 hectares (42%) of the Andhra region receiving 13,12,795 hectares (28.3%) [16]. Further, the amount spent on irrigation purposes in the three regions are as follows, Rs. 4005 cr (15.5%) in Telangana, Rs. 19639.5 cr (76%) and Rs. 2201.5 cr (8.5%) in the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions respectively. In recent years, due to revival of separate Telangana state demand in 2001 and the Congress party in alliance with Telangana Rashtra Samithi party in year 2005-06 has given a large allocation of budget to the irrigation projects and schemes to the Telangana region, got Rs. 2797 cr (44%) of the total amount (Rs. 6374.12 cr). However, 25% (Rs. 689.67 cr) was allotted to Sriram Sagar Project – Stage II and the Sriram Sagar Project – Stage I started in 1963 is yet to be completed and was given Rs. 158.41 cr for its completion works in same budget [25][26].

6. Exploitation of Industries and Mineral Resources

To understand the exploitation in the industries, one should look at the stage of industrialization in Hyderabad state before the merger in 1956. The industrialization was far more advanced than in Andhra state, with 26 major industrial undertakings (state-owned or controlled) such as Ajamjahi Mills, Nizam Sugar Factory, Singareni Collieries, Sirpur Paper Mills, Allwyn, Praga tools, Sirsilk etc., while the Andhra state consists of only AP Paper Mills, Andhra Sugars, and few jute mills [23]. At the turn of the 21st century, most of these industries were either closed, sick or privatized due to the delay in the expansion, modernization and siphoning off the entitled funds. While the existing industries and mills in Andhra region were allotted funds for expansion and modernization with more incentives. Only the Singareni Collieries sustained because of its indispensable nature, supporting the non-Telangana industries and the strong worker unions [28].

The Nizam Sugar Factory (NSF) was one of the Asia’s largest sugar factories in 1937 with a crushing capacity of 2500 tonnes [24]. The company started incurring losses in the late 1970’s further the faulty expansion of units (Hindupur and Miryalaguda), takeover of loss-making units (Bobbili and Seethanagaram) in 1981, and delayed modernization ultimately led to the verge of closure in 2000 [29][30]. The state government decided to put up the auction of the NSF and its units citing the private-owed sugar companies were making profits, and to reduce the financial burden on the state. Later in early 2002, the state government decided to enter into a joint venture with the Delta Paper Mills (owned by an Andhra industrialist) with 49% equity share capital of Rs. 9.8 cr along with the NSF and its two units. Before auctioning off the 4200 acres of agricultural lands belongs to the NSF and making a monetary gain of ca. Rs. 84 cr by the state government [54]. The new venture (Nizam Deccan Sugars Ltd.) absorbed only 37% of the existing staff and sending the remaining to voluntary retirement scheme [31]. The remaining units were either closed or sold out. Further, in mid 2007 the state government was mulling to take over from the Delta Paper Mills due to the pressure from its allies [32].

The NSF case in not unique but it is the same story with all the major industries in Telangana existing before the merger. While the state government encouraged the closure of the sick and futile industries in Telangana region, at the same time it encouraged and developed similar industries in the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions e.g., Nandyal sugar factory, Hindupur, Guntur and Eluru spinning mills etc [28]. The coal deposits in four districts of Telangana have been the jewels of Telangana. The power sector in the state is mostly supported by the coal based Ramagundam (62.5 MW), Kothagudem (1200 MW), Vijayawada (1760 MW) and Rayalaseema (840 MW) thermal power stations [34]. The power stations located in Telangana coal belt produce only 1263 MW (i.e., 33%), while the Vijayawada and Rayalaseema units produce 2600 MW depending on the coal transported from the Singereni Collieries (Telangana), Mahanadi Coal (Orissa), etc [33]. Thus leading to question the attitude of the state government in establishing more power stations in the Telangana region allowing the transportation of coal instead of power, the former is economically in viable [28]. This is just a tip of the iceberg, the others such as the state government tenders, contracts, employment of administrative staff and industrial land auctions show gross violations.

7. Exploitation of Land in and around Hyderabad

Today, the land exploitation in and around Hyderabad has become a major issue for solving the Telangana issue. The Urban Land Ceiling Act (1976) can be considered as a starting point, feared of losing their large tracts of prime land in the middle of Hyderabad e.g., Road No. 1, Banjara Hills etc., many Muslim families resorted to distress sales. Which were bought by the people from Andhra region at a throw away prices, after changing hands these were regularized [35]. The enormous tracts of lands surrounding the urban capital amounting to 13,00,000 acres were either available for free or at throwaway prices, until 1960’s the grabbing was limited to government employees and their industrial lobbyists, but the 1969 Telangana movement changed all the dynamics and the domination was exponential in terms of land exploitation. To name a few of these acts are the GPR Housing (5600 acres), East City (3000 acres), Sanghi Industries (2842 acres), Ramoji Film City (2812 acres), Satyam Enclave (2600 acres), BHEL Housing (2500 acres) etc., [28].

The irrigation in the surrounding villages of the Hyderabad city was supported by number of tanks and the Musi river, without proper support from state irrigation department the tanks gradually silted and the river dried up making the farmers to face hardships. It is an undeniable fact that most of these lands were bought by the agricultural surplus from the coastal Andhra region [36]. At the turn of the 21st Century, the politicians, prospered industrialists, and the NRI’s possess these lands, incidentally most of these are from Andhra and Rayalaseema regions. Today (as of 2010) the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority has grown to 6300 km² (15,56,764 acres) with 54 mandals located in five surrounding districts. The old municipal corporation with 173 km² (42,749 acres) consisting 300 villages is extended by sucking 600 more villages [37]. The famous mega projects like Hi-tech city, GMR airport, Outer Ring Road rapidly increased the development of Hyderabad, although it gained a monumental name in the world as an IT hub and income for the state, but is purely a real-estate based development. The HUDA started selling the government lands (also the Wakf board properties) to the private parties for infrastructure development and IT parks in the name of Special Economic Zones [38]. As of 2010, the state government had encroached the 57% of total 1,45,411 acres of state Wakf Board (the land or buildings denoted for Muslim religious or charitable purposes) properties by the influential board members, politicians, and realtors [39].

The case of Lanco Hills is an example of Wakf Board property exploitation, the 180 acres of land at Manikonda in Hyderabad was bought by the Member of Parliament from Vijayawada (Mr. Lagadapati Rajagopal) for IT SEZ development from the state government. Upon allotment, the IT SEZ was limited and the real-estate development was planned in the major portion of the land, after inception a case was filed by Mr. H. A. Rahaman challenging that the land is registered as Wakf [40]. One should not forget that the Satyam Fiasco, that caused mainly due to the desire of Mr. B. Ramalinga Raju to move out of lucrative IT business to more profitable real-estate businesses [35]. Further, the large chunk of private companies in and around Hyderabad (mostly owned by the people of Andhra and Rayalaseema regions) e.g., pharmaceutical, cement, granite and food processing etc. are polluting the air and ground water and creating severe health hazards to the local residents, showing the negative impact of industrialization that took place in Telangana region [28]. Hyderabad, known to the world as a “City of Pearls and Nizams”, transformed in 1990’s into Cyderabad due to location of several IT and ITES companies, and should not be surprised when called as “Pollubad” at the dawn of the 21st century.

8. Branding Telangana supporters and Protesters as Maoists or Naxalites

The merger of the Telangana into the Andhra state has no logical reason, no sentiment in the people of Telangana, not recommended by States Reorganization Commission, and no interest shown by the then Prime Minister Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru. However, the merger took place because the Andhra state was virtually bankrupt and needed the surplus government revenue of the Telangana region, the industrialization is more advanced although the agriculture is poor, to choose the 4th largest built-up city of Hyderabad as Capital, finally the merger would strengthen the Congress party [23]. The assurances in the form of Nehru’s declarations and the Gentleman’s agreement were given to the people of Telangana. In 1956, Nehru declared that the merger is against the recommendations of SRC and clarified that “if the people of Telangana suffer injustices at the hands of Andhras then they will have the right to seek separation”, and “Andhra people are on Trial and the Unity of the new state depends on how fairly they treat people of Telangana” [48].

The conditional merger, disrespect of agreement, and the assurances lead to the discontent and unrest among the people of the Telangana in 1960’s, the Telangana agitation in 1969 was a witness of the injustices and subsequent G.O. 36 is the proof of it. The agitation was brutally suppressed by killing hundreds of people including students, later the former Chief Minister M. Chenna Reddy betrayed the people of Telangana for his personnel gains. The police action in 1969 forced many students, protesters and supporters to take up radical path into Communism to fight the government and the injustice. The Communism was already in place due to the roots of Peasant’s Struggle (1946-51), the people found solace from the autocratic Andhra rulers. The people of Telangana were forced to listen to the Andhra rulers in the name of development, election promises, and manifestos, and their democratic separate statehood demand is now refereed as Naxalism with supporters as Naxalites or Maoists. People tend to forget that Naxalism or Maoism did not take birth in Telangana, it originated from Coastal Andhra in Andhra Pradesh and often guided by Andhra comrades [49].

The suppression of this democratic wish is clearly visible to what happened and happening in several universities and districts of across Telangana in late 2009 and 2010. As in 1969, the Separate Telangana Movement started by Member of Parliament Mr. K. Chandrashekar Rao in late 2009, the Osmania University students are taking most of the grievances by the police force. Unlike 1969, the state government deployed central and special commando forces (Greyhounds of Andhra Pradesh Police) along with civil police to contain the movement. The Greyhounds, committed human rights violations on the students and media persons in the campus as reported by Human Rights Watch report dated January 19, 2010, thus leading to question the attitude of the state government by the Supreme court, High court and the people of the Telangana [50]. The people of the Telangana are not patient enough to sustain these movements, young people mainly students committed suicides fearing Telangana might not become reality, and the number has reached more than 300 as of March 2010 [51]. The media (print and television) is playing its part by showing partial news and censoring the movement for their own gains!

9. Hyderabad as a Capital City for Telangana Only

The Historical city of Hyderabad is 419 years old, founded by ruler Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah of the Qutb Shahi dynasty in 1591. The Hyderabad fame, Golconda’s wealth, and the strategic location attracted the Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb, who captured Golconda after a long siege in 1687. In 1724, Mir Qamaruddin (Asaf Jah I), a Governer appointed by the Mughal Emperor defeated the rival official to establish control over Hyderabad, this marks the beginning of Asaf Jahi Dynasty which lasted for seven generations until 1948 [41]. During this period, the city of Hyderabad has grown both culturally and economically, the public works department in 1868, municipal administration system was first introduced by 1869 and the taxation structure was established. The last ruler Mir Usman Alik Khan Bahadur (Asaf Jah VII) reign spanning 37 years witnessed the introduction of electricity, railways, roads, airways, irrigation projects, Hyderabad State Bank with Hyderabadi rupee as currency. Nearly all the public buildings were built in the city such as Osmania General Hospital, AP High court, State Central Library, Assembly Hall, Jublee Hall, State Museum, and also started Osmania University making primary education compulsory and provided free for the poor [42].

Although the Nizams repressed the majority Hindus and their contributions, they depended heavily on the rural economy of the state and a significant portion of this wealth was invested to develop the infrastructure and services in the city of Hyderabad. The process of industrialization began in 1909 with the establishment of several spinning and weaving mills. By 1956, it was 4th largest city in India, and became a home to many industries (listed in the 6th point) with industrial estates such as Azamabad and Sanathnagar [35]. The amenities of the Hyderabad city fascinated Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and in 1955, he recommended Hyderabad to be made the second capital of India. He said,

“Hyderabad fulfils all the requirements of a capital for India. It is equidistant from all parts of India. Hyderabad has all the amenities which Delhi has, and it is far better City than Delhi. It has all the grandeur which Delhi has. Buildings are going cheap and they are really beautiful buildings, far superior to those in Delhi. They are all on sale. The only thing that is wanting is a Parliament House which the Government of India can easily build.” [43].

The culture of Hyderabad is referred to as a “Ganga-Jamuna tehzeeb” that is peaceful co-existence of all. The people of many religions (Armenians, Anglo-Indians, Parsis, Shias, and Sikhs etc) co-existed in the state along with Muslims and Hindus (Telangas, Kannadigas, Marathas, North Indians etc) [35]. Before the annexation of Hyderabad State into the Indian Union, a Communist led Peasant revolt popularly known as Telangana Rebellion took place between 1946 and 1951. The people revolted due to the illegal and excessive exploitation meted out by the feudal lords of the Nizam. The revolt began in the district of Nalgonda and quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts. The Nizam’s response was brutal and thousands of people lost their lives during the course. Many great leaders were in the forefront of the movement to name a few leaders like Puchalapalli Sundariah, Chandra Rajeshwara Rao, Raavi Narayana Reddy, Makhdoom Mohiuddin, Hassan Nasir, etc., [44][45].

Later, the people of Telangana sought integration of state with rest of India with a non-violent and peaceful struggle known as “Hyderabad Liberation Struggle” under the leadership of Swami Ramananad Tirtha. However, this turned violent due to the brutal oppressive and communal movement of the Razakars (a private Islamic militia organized by Qasim Razvi to support the rule of Nizam). Eventually, the Indian Army routed the Razakars and Hyderabad state is liberated [46]. The History of Hyderabad makes Hyderabadis and the people of the Telangana proud. The Telangana region does not have an alternate city like Hyderabad, other cities such as Warangal (fourth largest), Nizamabad (tenth largest) are either small or in viable for a capital city. At the same time, the Andhra and Rayalaseema regions have the second (Vishakapatnam) and third (Vijayawada) largest cities in Andhra Pradesh [47]. Considering the historical aspects, factors and economics, Hyderabad should be made capital for Telangana only.

10. Smaller States are good for Development and Governance

From 1952 to 1956, Telangana existed as a part of Hyderabad state with 16 districts (10 districts of Telangana, few districts of Maharashtra and Karnataka) with Hyderabad as its capital. The States Reorganisation Commission had judged correctly in the division of the linguistic states, suggested that Telangana and Vidarbha to be made separate states. The political-will stopped from doing so, while there are five Hindi speaking different states in the north India, none were made in south India [23]. The States Reorganization Commission said that the Hyderabad state with an area of 45,000 km² and 1.13 crore population with an annual revenue of Rs. 17 crore was a stable and viable one. Due to its higher land and excise revenues, it has revenue surpluses, which would be sufficient to finance the irrigation projects it needed. It further said the Telangana is neither poor nor backward due to its rich resources however, it lagged due to the lack of English educational institutions and employment opportunities under the Nizam [52].

The economy of the newly formed states in 2000 such as Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand supports the formation of the Telangana. The gross domestic product figures of these new states are much better than their parent states as of 2007-08. The percent increase in the growth of GDP from 1999-2000 to 2007-2008 is 102% for Jharkhand, 150% for Chattisgarh, 182 % for Uttarakhand, while their parent states figures for the same duration are 76 % for Bihar, for Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh are 78% and 97% respectively [53]. The newly formed states are achieving higher rates of growth than their target growth rates in the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012) [52]. The main problems of these states such as poverty and extremism also exist in their parent states. The smaller states would be beneficial for efficient governance to tackle these problems compared to their larger counterparts. Telangana with Hyderabad as its capital will definitely prosper as a separate state, and will bring the lost prosperity and happiness to the people of Telangana. With its peaceful co-existence nature, the settlers can lead a normal life and represent the society and the development for the coming centuries.

Source : http://www.simplytelangana.com/2010/04/14/demand-for-telangana-state-genuine-and-justified/

Proof : Telangana was merged against the wishes of its people

This is the letter written by the then Chief Minister of Hyderabad state, Burgula Ramakrishna Rao to U. N. Dhar, President, Indian National Congress just a few months before the merger of Telangana (Telugu speaking areas of Hyderabad state ) and Andhra state to create Andhra Pradesh state on November 1st, 1956. The letter is highly significant for it reveals the thinking of Mr Burgula and his observations of the ground realities in Hyderabad state, and the impending merger of Telangana with Andhra . The original copy of this letter is published with written permission from Vijay Burgula (Family member of of Burgula Ramakrishna Rao). He can be contacted at v_burgula@yahoo.com

The main point in the letter as mentioned by Burgula Ramakrishna Rao is “There is, no doubt, considerable agitation in Telangana on this important question. When I say considerable, it is of course nothing of the type we come across in Bombay. The agitation this side is spread over the whole province and not restricted only to cities. My estimate of the views of the people of Telangana is that the people by majority would desire Telangana to remain a separate state. There is a strong section of the people holding the other view, that is in favour of Vishalandhra, but the majority is decidedly in favour of retaining Telangana as a separate province as recommended by the S.R.C”.

Below are the scanned copies of original letter.

Reference :Simply Telangana.com & http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Hyderabad_CM_Burgula_Views_about_merger

Telangana Martyrs’ Families Reject Console and Help Offers from the MLA

‘For the formation of Telangana my son lost his life… till the formation of Telangana we don’t need any financial support’ the mother of Martyr Togati Rajkumar said to the local MLA Konda Surekha when she visited them at Rajkumar’s home in Warangal District’s Narsampet.

The Konda couple along with two MLCs Konda Murali and Pulla Padmawati visited the homes of Martyrs of Telangana agitation in their Narsampet constituency for consoling them. They have visited the home of Togati Rajkumar in Ambedkar Centre in Narsampet for the same and offered Twenty Five Thousand Rupees to the mother of Rajkumar which she rejected politely but firmly by saying we don’t need your support now, we will agitate to fulfill the wishes of our son to form Telangana state till then we won’t take your help.

Yet another humiliating incident of rejection of console by Telangana Martyrs in Lakshimipuram village of Duggondi Mandal for Konda Surekha where a student Rayarakula Prithviraj committed suicide for the formation of Telangana. The family members learnt that K. Surekha is planning to visit their home; they locked the main door and left a ‘note’ on the door for the MLA and left for unknown place. The note reads ‘for God sake we don’t need any of your console and we don’t need your financial help… if you can return, the life of my son or else give us Telangana for which my child lost his life. Give one of the two whichever you feel is easy for you’. The note was addressed to the MLA from the martyr’s mother Mallamma. When police informed the details of the letter for the MLA she cancelled here tour to the village and returned from Narsampet.

This may be noted that Konda Surekha is a diehard fan of YSR and she is rallying for YS Jagan and one of the first congress MLAs to demand and protest in favour of YS Jagan to become the Chief Minister as soon as YSRs death in chopper crash.

A Marriage between a Telangana Boy and a Andhra girl

Mr.Srikanth of Nalgonda and Swetha of Jaggayyapeta of Andhra were getting married and the Bridegroom was not willing to come and take his seat beside the Bride who was waiting inside until the family of the Bride says "Jai telangana" .Bridegroom's wish was that since the Bride's family was from Andhra he wanted them to say Jai Telangana to which brothers of the Bride were reluctant. Everyone tried to convince him including the elders from the Bride's side. He would still not listen to anyone and stood on his simple wish to be fulfilled before getting married. This continued for an hour atlast when the Bride herself came out and said Jai telangana. After which they both got married and their story gets a happy ending. Srikanth Later said that as he is a Hard core telangana supporter he wanted that his Life partner would also support the cause of Telangana.We Wish Srikanth and Swetha A Happy mariied life and still continue to support Telangana. Jai Telangana.

YS Jangan Tour to Warangal

Why Y.S. Jagan is very particular to visit warangal District why he want to come. All the people belongs to Warangal district is don't want his visit. All Warangal People were participated in (1) Day strike to cannot come warangal Y.S. Jagan.

All all this also Y.S. Jagan started to visit Warangal on the name of Odarpu Yaatra. What is odarpu yatra. In warangal no one was not committed suicide for Y.S. Rajashekhar Reddy. What happened at the visit so many telangana people injured. Some Congress people and Gun mens were opened fie. So many people were injured and hospitalized.

Is Y.s. Jagan want this why Y.S. Jagan do this to the Telangana People.

Telangana People were committed suicides for Telangana Only.

If Y.S. Jagan wants to visit Warangal he may be say sorry to the Telangana people for the incedent happend during his try to visit warangal district and not only that he has support telangana during the Parliament sessions. Then we don't have any objection.

వై.ఎస్. జగన్ ఓదార్పు యాత్ర పేరుతో వరంగల్ జిల్లాకు రావాలని ఎందుకు పట్టు పట్టినట్లు. అసలు రాజశేఖర్ రెడ్డి మరణం వలన బాధతో తెలంగాణ ప్రజలు ఎందులు ఆత్మహత్య చేసుకుంటారు. అందరూ రాజశేఖర్ రెడ్డిని తెలంగాణ ద్రోహిగా పరిగణిస్తున్నారు. అటువంటప్పుడు జగన్ ఓదార్పు యాత్ర ఎవరికి.

ఇక్కడి ప్రజలు కేవలం తెలంగాణ కోసం ఎందరో ప్రాణత్యాగం చేసినారు.

అయినా అంత పట్టుదలతో వచ్చి కాల్పులు జరిపించి ఆయనకు ఒరిగినదేమిటి. ఎందుకు తెలంగాణ వారిపై కాల్పులు జరిపించాల్సి వచ్చినది.

వై. ఎస్.జగన్ ఒక వేళ వరంగల్ ను సందర్శించుకోవాలని అనుకుంటే వారు తెలంగాణాకు మద్దతుగా పార్లమెంటులో సుదీర్ఘ ప్రకటన చేయాలి. తెలంగాణ ప్రజలకు ఆయన వల్ల జరిగిన నష్టానికి ఆయన క్షమాపణ చెప్పాలి.

Andhra People trying to close SRSP

Andhra People were going to to close SRSP Project and now the chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Roshaiah gaaru is going for verification on SRSP Project after (3) years completion of work completed.

with this cause they were going to suspend out Telangana Engineers and appoint new andhra engineers for SRSP.

గౌ||. ముఖ్యమంత్రి గారు మూడు సంవత్సరముల తరువాత ఎస్.అర్.ఎస్.పి కాలువపైన విచారణ చేయవలసినదిగా నిన్ననే ఆదేశాలు జారీ చేసారని తెలిసినది.

మూడు సంవత్సరముల తరువాత విచారణ అనేదే ఒక నవ్వు తెప్పించే పనిగా తెలుస్తున్నది. మూడు సంవత్సరముల తరువాత అక్కడ ఏమి ఉంటుందో మనము అర్ధము చేసుకోవాలి.

ఇది కేవలము మన తెలంగాణ ఇంజనీర్లను తీసివేసి, ఆంధ్ర ఇంజనీర్లను నియమించుటకు ఆంధ్ర వాళ్ళు పన్నుతున్న కుట్రమని మనకు ఇట్టె తెలుసున్నది.

Jun 9, 2010

Some of Telangana Amaraveerulu Died in 2009 Movement

K. Srikantha Chary, who had studied Physiotherapy course in ISO Junior college,Tarnaka, became an active activist in LB Nagar area. Shocked by the arrest of KCR on 29th Nov 2009. Srikanth dowsed himself with Kerosine and set ablaze.

He belongs to Mothkur mandal of Nalgonda Dist, but was living in Chaitanyapuri. When Kamineni Hospital refused him treatment., he was rushes to Appolo Hospital with 71% burns.Later he died on 3rd Dec. in hospital, before taking his body to native village, TRS activists and student organized funeral procession in Hyd and was placed at Gunpark Martyrs stupa for a while before performing last rites.

A MCA student K Venugopal Reddy (23), reportedly depressed over the delay in formation of separate Telangana state set himself ablaze at the Osmania University (OU) campus OU . The charred body of K Venugopal Reddy (23), an MCA student of a private college, was found near Tagore Auditorium in the OU premises.

The protesting students did not allow the police to lift Venugopal's body from the spot and insisted on conducting post-mortem from where the body was found after which the authorities were forced to conduct the autopsy in the University campus.

A suicide note purportedly written by Venugopal was recovered from the scene in which he demanded the United Progressive Alliance leaders to immediately initiate measures towards formation of Telangana state.

In the letter written in Telugu, Venugopal allegedly said he was resorting to the extreme step over delay in formation of Telangana.

A Venugopal, a native of Nalgonda district, was an active member of separate Telangana movement and participated in a series of agitations that began from November 30th ,2009.Expressing deep sorrow over the death of Venugopal, Osmania University Vice-Chancellor T Tirupati Rao, termed it as "unfortunate" and appealed the students not to resort to extreme steps.

while atleast 10 students ended their lives in support of separate state for the region.

As his hands were completely burnt, Anelli Shekar Reddy had to use his toe to put the impression on his dying declaration that said he had taken the drastic step in support of a separate Telangana.



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Jun 7, 2010

Freedom of Telangana -తెలంగాణ స్వాతంత్ర్యం

After Telangana are People continuous fighting, Indian Governemnt actions, Sardar Patel intelligence, at last 13th Septermber, 1948 Police action was started at Hyderabad. September 13th Last Nizam Meer Usman Ali Khan surrendered and Hyderabad got free after One year of the completion of Indian Freedom.

Even Hyderabad got freedom in 1948, after (4) years in 1952 only ruled by the Public Goverment by electing Burgula Rama Krishna Rao as Chief Minister. This will not happend in any states of India. This is only happend that after getting freedom Telangana People wited (4) years for forming a Govenment.

నైజాం ప్రాంత ప్రజల ఎడతెగని పోరాటాల వలన, భారత ప్రభుత్వ చర్యల వలన, సర్దార్ పటేల్ చాక చక్యం వలన నిజాంపై ఒత్తిడి పెరిగింది. 1948 సెప్టెంబర్ 13 న హైదరాబాద్ పై పోలీసు చర్య ప్రారంభమైంది. సెప్టెంబర్ 13న చివరి నిజాం మీర్ ఉస్మాన్ అలీఖాన్ లొంగిపోయాడు దీనితో హైదరాబాద్ కు విముక్తి కలిగి దేశానికి స్వాతంత్ర్యం లభించిన సంవత్సరం తర్వాత ఇక్కడి ప్రజలకు స్వాతంత్ర్యం లభించింది.

హైదారాబాద్ రాష్ట్రానికి నిజాం నుండి విముక్తి కలిగినప్పటికి స్వతంత్ర్య భారతదేశంలో ఏరాష్ట్రంలో లేని విధంగా దాదపు నాలుగు సంవత్సరాల పాటు,అంటే 1952లో ఎన్నికలు జరిగి బూర్గుల రామకృష్ణారావు ముఖ్యమంత్రిగా ఎన్నికయ్యేంత వరకు, ప్రజా ప్రభుత్వానికి ఇక్కడి ప్రజలు నోచుకోలేదు.

Conditions of Telangana at the time of Freedom - తెలంగాణ పరిస్థితి, దేశానికి స్వాతంత్ర్యం వచ్చినప్పుడు

August 15, 1947 all India people were celebrating the Freedom of India. Andra People place in Madras State also got freedom and they were enjoying the celebration. But Telangana People were gone in to deep depretion feeling that they were not got the freedom. Andhra People not even think about the Telangana People.

After Freedom of India, Nizam ruling going very hard. Khasim Razwi razakars will harrasing the people, murdering, raping innocent women and robbing. Some people of Telangana migrated to Andhra. But their they have not get anything, even though they were robbed by the Andhra People also. But who migrated to other than andha place they were really got warm welcome and their people cooperation.

అగస్టు 15, 1947న దేశ ప్రజలంతా స్వాతంత్ర్య వేడుకల్లో మునిగిపోయారు. ఆంధ్రులు భాగంగా ఉన్న మద్రాసు రాష్ట్రానికి కూడా ఆంగ్లేయుల నుండి విముక్తి కలిగినందున వారు కూడా ఘనంగా ఉత్సవాలు జరుపుకున్నారు. కాని నిజాం నిరంకుశత్వం నుండి విముక్తి లభించనందున తెలంగాణ ప్రజలు మాత్రం నిరాశా నిస్పృహల్లో మునిగిపోయారు. స్వాతంత్ర్య సంబరాల్లో మునిగిపోయిన ఆంధ్రులు తెలంగాణ ప్రజల స్వేఛ్ఛా స్వాతంత్ర్యాల గురించి ఆలోచించలేదు.

దేశానికి స్వాతంత్ర్యం వచ్చాకే నిజాం నిరంకుశత్వం మరింత పెరిగిపోయింది. తెలంగాణ ప్రజల స్వాతంత్ర్య పోరాటాన్ని ఉక్కు పాదంతో అణిచివేయాలని నిర్ణయించడంతో ప్రజల కష్టాలు తారా స్థాయికి చేరుకున్నాయి. దానికి తోడు ఖాసి రజ్వీ నాయకత్వంలోని రజాకారులు దోపిడీలకు, హత్యాకాండలకు, అత్యాచారాలకు పాల్పడడంతో ప్రజలు దిక్కులేని పక్షులలాగా వలసవెళ్ళాల్సి వచ్చింది. ఆంధ్రా ప్రాంతాలకు వలసపోయిన తెలంగాణ ప్రజలకు కనీస మర్యాద దక్కకపోగా వారిని అందినకాడికి దోచుకోవడంలో ఆంధ్రులు తమ చేతివాటాన్ని ప్రదర్శించారు. నాగపూర్ లాంటి తెలుగేతర ప్రాంతాలకు వెళ్ళిన తెలంగాణ ప్రజలకు మాత్రం అపూర్వమైన ఆదరణ లభించింది.

TELANGANA HISTORY PART - తెలంగాణా చారిత్రక నేపధ్యం

Hundreds of Years Hyderabad state ruled by Nizam. Hyderabad State with Total 16 Districts (8Telangana District, 5 Maratwaada District, 3 Karnataka Districts) having 3 different languages talking people. Languages different and Traditions different but all the people were live together friendly in hyderabad.

Present Telangana part of Andhra Pradesh was ruled by Nizam from 1724 to 1948 i.e., 224 Years. For the freedom from Nizam, So many people was died to get Freedom.

వందల సంవత్సరాల నైజాం పాలనలో హైదరాబాదు రాష్ట్రం 16 జిల్లాలు (8 తెలంగాణ జిల్లాలు, 5మరాట్వాడా జిల్లాలు, 3 కర్నాటక జిల్లాలు) కలిగి మూడు భాషల ప్రజలతో ఉండేది. వారి భాషలు ఆచార వ్యవహారాలు వేరైనా - ఇచ్చి పుచ్చుకునే ధోరణితో ప్రజలు సహజీవనం సాగిస్తూవచ్చారు.

ప్రస్త్రుతం ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ రాష్ట్రంలో భాగంగా ఉన్న తెలంగాణ 1724 నుండి 1948 వరకు 224 సంవత్సరాలు నిజాం పాలనలో ఉండేది. నిజం నుండి విముక్తి కలిగించడానికి ఇక్కడి ప్రజలు భాషతో నిమిత్తం లేకుండా ఎన్నెన్నో కష్టాలు పడాల్సి వచ్చింది. లెక్కలేనంత మంది పోరాడి ప్రాణాలను అర్పించారు.